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Chinese Journal of Dental Research
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Chin J Dent Res 23 (2020), No. 3     15. Sep. 2020
Chin J Dent Res 23 (2020), No. 3  (15.09.2020)

Page 183-189, doi:10.3290/j.cjdr.a45222, PubMed:32974618

3D Evaluation of Accuracy of Tooth Preparation for Laminate Veneers Assisted by Rigid Constraint Guides Printed by Selective Laser Melting
Li, Zhong Yi / Bai, He Fei / Zhao, Yi Jiao / Wang, Yong / Ye, Hong Qiang / Sun, Yu Chun
Objective: To design and fabricate 3D-printed rigid constraint guides for the tooth preparation for laminate veneers and to evaluate the accuracy of guide-assisted preparation.
Methods: Twenty maxillary right central incisor resin artificial teeth were randomly divided into two equal groups and prepared for laminate veneers. Tooth preparations were performed, assisted by guides in the test group and by depth gauge burs in the control group, and both were finished by freehand operation. The typodonts were 3D scanned before preparation, after initial preparation and after final preparation. The tooth preparation depths at each step, including initial preparation depth, final preparation depth and loss of tooth tissue during polishing, were measured by 3D deviation analysis. Statistical analyses were conducted to investigate differences.
Results: The initial preparation depth was 0.488 mm (median, quartile 0.013 mm) in the test group and 0.521 mm (median, quartile 0.013 mm) in the control group. A statistically significant difference was found between them (P < 0.05). The final preparation depth in the test group (0.547 ± 0.029 mm) was significantly less than that in the control group (0.599 ± 0.051 mm) (P < 0.05), and closer to the predesigned value (0.5 mm). There was no statistically significant difference in the loss of tooth tissue during polishing between the test group (0.072 ± 0.023 mm) and the control group (0.089 ± 0.038 mm) (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: In maxillary central incisors, the tooth preparation for laminate veneers could be conducted using 3D-printed rigid constraint guides, the accuracy of which is better than that of depth gauge burs.

Keywords: 3D printing, computer-aided design (CAD), dental veneers, guide, tooth preparation