Chin J Dent Res 22 (2019), No. 2 30. June 2019
Chin J Dent Res 22 (2019), No. 2 (30.06.2019)
Page 123-129, doi:10.3290/j.cjdr.a42516
Mineralisation Influence of Betamethasone on Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Dental Pulp Cells
WANG, Yuan Yuan / ZHU, Ning Xin / ZHAO, Yu Ming / GE, Li Hong / QIN, Man
Objective: To evaluate the mineralisation response of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced dental pulp cells (DPCs) to betamethasone and the potential benefit of betamethasone application on the recovery of injured dental pulp.
Methods: The proliferation influence of betamethasone on DPCs was analysed through the cell counting kit-8 assay. To assess the anti-inflammatory effects of betamethasone, the expression levels of inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-∂ were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Mineralisation was investigated through the detection of the mineralisation-related biomarkers alkaline phosphatase (ALP), dentine sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and osteocalcin (OCN) through the ALP activity assay, immunohistochemistry staining, Alizarin Red and tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) staining, the reverse transcriptase PCR technique and western blot.
Results: A low concentration of betamethasone (1 µ/mL) promoted the proliferation of DPCs. The real-time PCR results demonstrated that inflammatory cytokines were downregulated by betamethasone treatment. The mineralisation outcome in DPCs treated with betamethasone was better than in those treated without betamethasone.
Conclusion: Betamethasone promoted the proliferation of DPCs. Betamethasone enhanced mineralisation in LPS-stimulated DPCs.
Keywords: LPS-stimulated dental pulp cells (DPCs), betamethasone, mineralisation