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Chinese Journal of Dental Research
Chin J Dent Res 22 (2019), No. 2     17. June 2019
Chin J Dent Res 22 (2019), No. 2  (17.06.2019)

Page 105-112, doi:10.3290/j.cjdr.a42514, PubMed:31172138

Periodontal Commensals and Pathogens Differentially Modulate Immuno-Inflammatory Response in Human Oral Keratinocytes
Li, Hua Jing / Seneviratne, Chaminda Jayampath / Wang, Cun Yu / Jin, Li Jian
Objective: To investigate the immunoinflammatory response in the crosstalk of human oral keratinocytes (HOKs) with selected periodontal commensals and pathogens.
Methods: Four representative viable oral bacteria, including periodontal commensals (Streptococcus mutans, Sm; and Actinomyces israelii, Ai) and pathogens (Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Aa; and Porphyromonas gingivalis, Pg), were selected. A viable bacteria-HOKs interactive model was tested under various conditions of oxygen, antibiotics, duration and multiplicity of infection (MOI). The expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in HOKs was assessed by real-time qPCR and ELISA.
Results: An MOI of 1 was determined to be the appropriate ratio of bacteria and HOKs with substantial amounts of viable bacterial cells and HOKs in an antibiotic-free medium under aerobic conditions for 2 h. Sm and Pg significantly upregulated the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 (P < 0.05), while Ai and Aa could not induce significant levels of these cytokines with reference to the control.
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the current findings suggest that periodontal commensals and pathogens may differentially modulate immunoinflammatory response in human oral keratinocytes.

Keywords: commensals, periodontopathogens, human oral keratinocytes, bacteria-host interaction, cytokines