Chin J Dent Res 22 (2019), Nr. 1 28. Feb. 2019
Chin J Dent Res 22 (2019), Nr. 1 (28.02.2019)
Seite 37-43, doi:10.3290/j.cjdr.a41773, PubMed:30746531, Sprache: Englisch
Statistical Analysis of Current Oral Health Care and Dental Education Resources in China
Liu, Da Li / Xie, Yu Feng / Shu, Rong
Objective: To collect information and statistical data regarding the current oral health care and dental education resources in China.
Methods: Electronic databases were searched and a literature review conducted. The homepages of relevant universities and colleges were visited to collect dental education information. In addition, private conversations with related experts were conducted.
Results: Compared with the 3rd National Oral Health Survey (2005), the ratio of gingival bleeding in individuals aged 33 to 44 years has increased in the last 10 years. The average percentage of residents visiting departments of dentistry in public hospitals is less than 10%. The total number of dentists and assistant dentists increased to 167,227 in 2016, with a ratio of 1.21 per 10,000 people. There is a great imbalance in the distribution of dental practitioners among the provinces. There are 101 dental schools or departments of stomatology that provide 5-year dental training courses and offer bachelor's degrees in dentistry, with another 93 dental institutions offering shorter 3-year training courses for assistant dentists.
Conclusion: The results of the present study show that there has been significant change during recent years in China. However, the ratio of dental practitioners to the population as well as the number of dental visits carried out is still much lower than in developed countries and does not satisfy the demand for dental care in China. The quality and quantity of dental education, including continuing dental education, calls for improvement in the future.
Schlagwörter: oral health care, dental education, China, dentist, oral health status