Chin J Dent Res 21 (2018), No. 4 15. Oct. 2018
Chin J Dent Res 21 (2018), No. 4 (15.10.2018)
Page 275-284, doi:10.3290/j.cjdr.a41086, PubMed:30264044
Utilisation of Oral Health Services and Economic Burden of Oral Diseases in China
Cheng, Meng Lin / Xu, Meng Ru / Xie, Yan Yi / Gao, Xiao Li / Wu, Hui Jing / Wang, Xing / Feng, Xi Ping / Tai, Bao Jun / Hu, De Yu / Lin, Huan Cai / Wang, Bo / Zheng, Shu Guo / Liu, Xue Nan / Rong, Wen Sheng / Wang, Wei Jian / Wang, Chun Xiao / Si, Yan
Objective: To evaluate the use of oral health services, the economic burden of oral diseases and related influential factors in China.
Method: Using the multistage, stratified, equal proportion, random sampling method in the 4th National Oral Health Survey of China conducted in 2015 to 2016, residents aged 3 to 5 years, 12 to 15 years, 35 to 44 years, 55 to 64 years, and 65 to 74 years respectively were recruited, clinically examined and answered a questionnaire. Utilisation of oral health services were assessed in all the age groups and the economic burden of oral diseases in the past 12 months were assessed in the 3 to 5 years and 35 to 74 year-old groups. Chi-squared tests, t tests, correlation analysis and a one-way ANOVA were used to determine the relationships of different factors with utilisation of oral health services and the economic burden of oral diseases.
Results: In the subject groups - 3 to 5 years, 12 to 15 years and 35 to 74 years - the prevalence of the utilisation of oral health services in the past 12 months was 14.6% (5,876/40,353), 23.6% (27,936/118,592), and 20.1% (2,708/13,461), respectively. In all three groups, receiving dental treatment was the most common reason for subjects' recent dental visit. The average dental cost in the past 12 months was 403.43 CNY (median = 100) for 3 to 5-year-old children and 850.83 CNY (median = 300) for adults aged 35 to 74 years old. Area, education and annual household income per person were the socio-economic influential factors. Oral health status, oral hygiene and attitudes to and knowledge of oral health affected the utilisation of oral health services and the economic burden of oral diseases.
Conclusion: The percentage of dental service utilisation was relatively low, and the economic burden was high. The related factors for both utilisation of oral health services and the economic burden of oral diseases included living in area, educational attainment, household income, perceived oral health status, and oral hygiene.
Keywords: economic burden of oral disease, influence factors, utilisation of oral health services