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Chinese Journal of Dental Research
Chin J Dent Res 21 (2018), No. 1     30. Mar. 2018
Chin J Dent Res 21 (2018), No. 1  (30.03.2018)

Page 41-49, doi:10.3290/j.cjdr.a39917, PubMed:29507911

Magnetic Bead-based Salivary Peptidome Profiling for Accelerated Osteogenic Orthodontic Treatments
Wu, Jia Qi / Jiang, Jiu Hui / Xu, Li / Liang, Cheng / Wang, Xiu Jing / Bai, Yunyang
Objective: To identify a panel of differentially expressed candidate biomarkers for patients undergoing accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (AOO).
Methods: This study included 36 saliva samples taken from six Class III surgical patients at six time points: the date before the corticotomy procedure (T1) and at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months and 6 months after the procedure (T2, T3, T4, T5 and T6, respectively). After the maxillary dental arch was aligned and levelled, AOO procedures were performed in the maxillary alveolar bone. Saliva samples were used to create peptide mass fingerprints using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) combined with magnetic beads.
Results: When the six groups were compared, 182 peaks were significantly different (P < 0.01), and the biomarker profiles changed over time. After corticotomy, the mass peaks predicted to be the Apolipoprotein A-I precursor (APOA1) increased sharply in T2 then decreased. The peptides predicted to be complement component 3 decreased in T2, then gradually increased and declined in T6. The peptides predicted to be the vitamin D-binding protein precursor increased in T2, then fell to the preoperative level. The mass peaks of the peptides predicted to be Isoform 1 of the fibrinogen alpha chain precursor (FGA) first decreased, then increased with time.
Conclusion: The salivary protein profiles changed with accelerated tooth movement induced by AOO. This method provides a tool for investigating corticotomy-induced accelerated tooth movement in humans, and explored the critical factors responsible for the regional acceleratory phenomenon.

Keywords: peptidome, saliva; MALDI-TOF MS, corticotomy, accelerated osteogenic orthodontics