Chinese Journal of Dental Research
Chin J Dent Res 20 (2017), No. 2     26. June 2017
Chin J Dent Res 20 (2017), No. 2  (26.06.2017)

Page 111-114, doi:10.3290/j.cjdr.a38276, PubMed:28573265

A Rare Case of Malignant Melanoma of the Mandible: CT and MRI Findings
Ogura, Ichiro / Sasaki, Yoshihiko / Kameta, Ayako / Sue, Mikiko / Oda, Takaaki
Malignant melanoma of the mandibular gingiva is extremely rare. It is a malignant tumour of melanocytes or their precursor cells, and often misinterpreted as a benign pigmented process. A few reports have described computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of malignant melanoma in the oral cavity. We report a rare case of malignant melanoma of the mandible and the related CT and MRI findings. Soft tissue algorithm contrast-enhanced CT showed an expansile mass and irregular destruction of alveolar bone in the right side of the mandibular molar area. MR images showed an enhancing mass and the tumour had a low to intermediate signal intensity and a high-signal intensity. Soft tissue algorithm contrast-enhanced CT and MR images showed lymphadenopathy involving the submandibular lymph nodes. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of malignant melanoma.

Keywords: CT, mandible, melanoma, MRI, tumour